Revista Brasileira de Oftalmologia
Print version ISSN 0034-7280
VENTURA, Camila Vieira Oliveira Carvalho et al. Caracteristics and deficiencies of ophthalmology residency programs in Brazil: residents evaluation. Rev. bras.oftalmol. [online]. 2012, vol.71, n.3, pp. 173-179. ISSN 0034-7280. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-72802012000300006.
PURPOSE: Analyze residents' perception on ophthalmology training in Brazil by classifying the quality of attendings' supervision.Also, identify areas that need better investment. METHODS: This was a descriptive and transversal study that analyzed residents' opinion about Brazilian institutions accredited by the Ministry of Education and Culture (MEC) or by the Brazilian Council of Ophthalmology (CBO) or by both.A multiple-choice survey was applied to 107 residents to evaluate attendings' (clinical, surgical and in the emergency room) supervision, and the need of improvement in different areas such as, curriculum, amount/quality of surgical procedures, wetlabs and infrastructure. RESULTS: Twenty-six residents (24.3%) were from institutions accredited by MEC, 25 (23.4%) by CBO, and 56 (52.3%) by both, MEC and CBO. Attendings' supervision quality was considered satisfactory during surgeries (86,0%), clinical examinations (87,0%) and in the emergency room (67.3%). Full-time supervision was present in these departments in 55.1%, 56.1%, and 36.4%, respectively.Wetlabs, resources, equipments, and physical facilities were pointed as areas that need investment in 75.7%, 63.6%, 74.8%, and 67.3%, respectively. CONCLUSION: This study showed no statistical relevance between the different institutions' accreditation and the variables analyzed. In general, direct supervision in Brazilian institutions is satisfactory, although many are not full-time. Residents suggested increasing the number of surgeries and wetlabs, and investing in the institutions' infrastructure.
Keywords : Health Postgraduate Programs; Training; Ophthalmology [education]; Curriculum; Internship and Residency.