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Revista Brasileira de Oftalmologia
Print version ISSN 0034-7280
LORENA, Silvia Helena Tavares. Down syndrome: epidemiology and ophthalmologic changes. Rev. bras.oftalmol. [online]. 2012, vol.71, n.3, pp. 188-190. ISSN 0034-7280. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-72802012000300009.
PURPOSE: The research project goal is to determine the incidence of ophthalmologic changes in children with Down syndrome who were attended in Peri-Peri Health Center, from july 07, 2004 to october 14, 2009. METHODS: This is an observational retrospective study of 35 children medical records with Down's Syndrome who were attended in Peri-Peri Health Center.The patients were submitted to ophthalmologic exams including: ocular inspection; retinoscopy; biomicroscopy; indirect ophthalmoscopy; fluorescein disappearance test; observation test of fluorescein in the oropharynx. RESULTS: The children of this study were examined since 2 months of age. The ophthalmologic changes found in the 35 children with Down Syndrome was: oblique eyelid in 100%, epicanto in 70%, supernumerary vessels in the arcades in the retina exam in 100%, Brushfield spot in 48.57%, blefarity in 42.85%, congenital lacrimal obstruction in 25.71%, miopy in 14.28%, astigmatismy in 22.28%, esotropia in 11.42%, exotropia in 5.71%, nystagmus in 2.85%, ectropion in 5.71% and congenital cataract in 2.85%. CONCLUSION: This study found a lot of ophthalmologic diseases in children with Down's syndrome: blefarity, congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction, etc. Therefore the follow-up of these children is very relevant.
Keywords : Down syndrome [physiopathology]; Eye diseases [epidemiology]; Eye abnormalities.