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Revista Brasileira de Oftalmologia

versão impressa ISSN 0034-7280versão On-line ISSN 1982-8551

Resumo

VALBON, Bruno Freitas et al. Changes of corneal biomechanical after femtosecond laser–assisted for cataract surgery. Rev. bras.oftalmol. [online]. 2015, vol.74, n.5, pp.297-302. ISSN 1982-8551.  https://doi.org/10.5935/0034-7280.20150061.

Purpose:

To evaluate the changes of corneal biomechanical after femtosecond laser – assisted cataract and to compare the parameters derived by Corvis ST between standard phacoemulsification and femtosecond laser – assisted in cataract surgery

Methods:

This is a prospective study. 151 eyes of 127 patients were under went cataract surgery. 75 eyes of 65 patients were with femtosecond laser–assisted (FS)(Alcon Len Sx, Aliso Viejo,USA) and 76 eyes of 62 patients with standard phacoemulsification (SP) (Alcon Infinit, Fort Worth, USA). Lens scattering was evaluated using Scheimpflug Anterior Segment Tomography, using the new software PNS. The Scheimpflug images were taken with an ultra - high - speed camera during each measurement by the Corvis ST. The deformation amplitude (DA) and other parameters (e.g., pachyapex, intraocular pressure, 1st A time, highest concavity - time, 2nd A time, 1st A Length, 2nd A Length, curvature radius highest concavity, curvature radius normal, Vin, Vout) measured by the Corvis ST were studied in groups FLS and SP before an dafter cataract surgery. Exclusion criteria: corneal disease, retinal or optic nerves disease or previous ocular surgery. This is study analyzed was Kolmogorov-Smirnov for Normality. The Wilcoxon-test and t-test were utilized to evaluate the differences between pre and day 1in FS and SP, respectively. The Mann-Whitney test was used to compare the differences of parameters derived by Corvis ST - biomechanical properties between two groups (FS;SP). The p value less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant.

Results:

The mean age from patients of group FS was 67.6 y (± 9.9) and the group SP was 68.4 y (± 11.8). The mean PNS was 0.62 (±0.67). In group of FS, 9 of 11 parameters derived from Corvis ST were statisticall ysignificant (ss). In group of SP, 7 of 11 parameters derived from Corvis ST were ss. Only the HC - time was statistically significant between two groups (FS;SP) with p d” 0.0387.

Conclusions:

The use of the femtosecond laser – assisted system for cataract surgery and standard phacoemulsification induzed changes of biomechanical properties of the cornea by Corvis ST. Only 1 of 11 parameters studied was different statistically in two groups.

Palavras-chave : Cataract; Corneal biomechanical; Femtosecond laser; Phacoemulsification.

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