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Revista Brasileira de Oftalmologia

Print version ISSN 0034-7280On-line version ISSN 1982-8551

Abstract

SILVA, Rodrigo Egidio da; MORATO, Rodrigo Macioca; VENEZIANO, Roberto Tarley Stival  and  RODRIGUES, Francisco Wellington. Epidemiological profile of west center cornea donors. Rev. bras.oftalmol. [online]. 2016, vol.75, n.4, pp.274-278. ISSN 0034-7280.  https://doi.org/10.5935/0034-7280.20160055.

Objective:

Describe the epidemiological profile of cornea donors in the state of Goiás.

Methods:

We used a random sample of 793 records calculated by the formula of Leslie Kish (Epi Info 7) taking into account a total of 3,093 records from January 2006 to August 2015. The data was analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) and the results were described using proportions, central tendency and dispersion measures. Comparisons between categorical variables were made using the chi-square test with 5% significance level.

Results:

The mean age was 37.33 years, and the majority was male (81.21%). The most frequent cause of death was traumatic brain injury (34.04%) followed by acute myocardial infarction (14.12%). Among the first five years, the time between death and enucleation was 4.7 ± 1.7 hours while that in recent years was 4.9 ± 1.6 hours. Time between death and preservation was 13 ± 4.6 hours in the period 2006 to 2010 and 11.4 ± 4.7 hours in 2011 to 2015 (p <0.001).

Conclusion:

We could conclude that age was statistically significant in the younger population, with an increase of the same in the last 10 years. We need to create and implement educational campaigns to raise awareness of this issue in the general population, and thus reduce the incidence of the younger age group. We also need to keep updated all professionals working in this area, the approach staff, cornea collection team, nurses and doctors to better capture and preserve donor corneas.

Keywords : Cornea; Epidemiology; Health profile; Tissue donors/statistics & numerical data.

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