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Revista Brasileira de Oftalmologia

Print version ISSN 0034-7280On-line version ISSN 1982-8551

Abstract

VILAR, Mateus Martins Cortez et al. Increased prevalence of myopia in a ophthalmologic hospital in Goiânia - Goiás. Rev. bras.oftalmol. [online]. 2016, vol.75, n.5, pp.356-359. ISSN 0034-7280.  http://dx.doi.org/10.5935/0034-7280.20160071.

Objective:

To evaluate the increased prevalence of myopia among patients in different periods in an ophthalmologic hospital in Goiânia.

Methods:

There were compared data collected in two scientific studies carried out in the same ophthalmologic hospital in different periods of time, they evaluated among other factors, the refractive errors of the participants, from this data there were compared the percentage of patients with myopia between the two studies.

Results:

There was an increase in the prevalence of myopia among the participants of the studies, in the evaluation carried out between 1995 and 2000 the percentage of people with myopia accounted for 3.6% of the total, in the study carried out in 2014 the prevalence of patients with myopia was 9%. Only among patients with refractive errors the prevalence of myopia in the first study was 9.97%, in the second study the prevalence was 22%.

Conclusion:

There was an increase in the prevalence of myopia between the two studies, these data corroborate with tests that shows an increasing prevalence of myopia in the world in the last 30 years. However, in a smaller proportion than in other population studies

Keywords : Myopia/epidemiology; Refractive errors; Prevalence.

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