SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.77 issue6Autonomic dysfunction in patients with central serous chorioretinopathyAsthenopic symptoms prevalence in undergraduate students author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand

Journal

Article

Indicators

Related links

Share


Revista Brasileira de Oftalmologia

Print version ISSN 0034-7280On-line version ISSN 1982-8551

Abstract

PICANCO, Amanda Araújo Barros et al. Quality of life among people with glaucoma: analysis according to the defect in the visual field. Rev. bras.oftalmol. [online]. 2018, vol.77, n.6, pp.328-333. ISSN 0034-7280.  https://doi.org/10.5935/0034-7280.20180071.

Objective:

To analyze the quality of life among people with glaucoma according to the visual field defect.

Methods:

This is a cross-sectional, analytical study carried out in an ophthalmology unit, Glaucoma Project, in Montes Claros, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Patients' quality of life was assessed using the National Eye Institute 25-Item Visual Function Questionnaire (NEI-VFQ-25). The Mean Deviation (MD) parameter of the best eye was used to classify the visual field defects in mild, moderate and severe.

Results:

Four-hundred patients participated, 60.5% female. The participants' ages ranged from 19 to 80 years, the majority being over 60 (55.8%). The majority of patients presented a visual defect, regardless of whether they were referred by the public or private sector (p = 0.840). The mean quality of life score was 77.62 (± 18.007) points. The subdomain with worse mean was 'ocular pain' (53.06 ± 26.088) and with better mean was 'color vision' (94.13 ± 19.207). A negative linear correlation was observed between the quality of life scores and the visual field MD, both of the right (MD-OD) and left eye (MD-OE). Among the subdomains of quality of life, 'dependency' was the one that best explains the variation of the visual field defect and vice versa, with a determination factor equal to 7.2% for MD-OD and 8.4% for MD-OE.

Conclusion:

Visual field loss was related to poor quality of life among people with glaucoma. It is recommended to provide early diagnosis to favor treatment and delay in disease progression.

Keywords : Glaucoma; Quality of life; Visual fields; Survey and questionnaires; Vision disorders.

        · abstract in Portuguese     · text in English | Portuguese     · English ( pdf ) | Portuguese ( pdf )