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Revista Brasileira de Oftalmologia

Print version ISSN 0034-7280On-line version ISSN 1982-8551

Abstract

BARBOSA, Annamaria Ciminelli et al. Ophthalmologic manifestations of elderly patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection. Rev. bras.oftalmol. [online]. 2019, vol.78, n.2, pp.91-97.  Epub May 13, 2019. ISSN 0034-7280.  http://dx.doi.org/10.5935/0034-7280.20180103.

Objectives:

Identify and describe ocular changes in elderly with HIV or aids through ophthalmological examination. Evaluate the association between ocular alterations and the level of TCD4 lymphocytes, time of antiretroviral therapy, demographic characteristics and age range.

Methods:

Case series of 40 elderly patients with HIV infection. The study was carried out at the ophthalmology and immunology outpatient clinics of the Gaffrée and Guinle University Hospital (HUGG) from january 2017 to june 2018. The patients were attended at the ophthalmology clinic and underwent a ophthalmological exam including: anamnesis, visual acuity, ocular motility, pupillary reflex, biomicroscopy, aplanation tonometry and fundoscopy. Statistical analyses were performed using SPSS 20.0.

Results:

The average of the 40 patients was 64.7 years (sd: 5.1), aged between 60 and 78 years, and the average time of HIV infection was 16.6 years (sd: 7 years). Most of the patients examined had normal vision (55%) and normal intraocular pressure (between 11 and 21 mmHg). The main complaints of patients during anamnesis were visual blurring (50%), visual acuity reduction (47.5%), ocular itchiness (27.5%), tearing (25%) and burning (25%).The most frequent changes in biomicroscopy were: cataract (92.5%) and dry eye (32.5%). Funduscopy found 43.8% of retinal vascularization alterations, 43.8% of alterations related to the optic nerve and 31.3% related to retinal posterior pole.

Conclusion:

Ocular changes were common and can be explained by senility, inflamatory changes caused by chronic HIV infection, adverse effects of antiretroviral therapy and early biological ageing associated to HIV infection.

Keywords : Aged; HIV; Aids; Ocular abnormalities; Ocular manifestations; Antiretroviral therapy.

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