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Revista Brasileira de Oftalmologia

Print version ISSN 0034-7280On-line version ISSN 1982-8551

Abstract

PRIMIANO JUNIOR, Helio Paulo et al. Treatment of aniseikonia induced by optical correction of anisometropia in elementary school children. Rev. bras.oftalmol. [online]. 2019, vol.78, n.4, pp.255-259.  Epub Aug 12, 2019. ISSN 0034-7280.  http://dx.doi.org/10.5935/0034-7280.20190139.

Objectives:

To compare the aniseikonia and the stereopsis in school children anisometropes of the first-year of elementary school corrected with stock ophthalmic lenses with base curve selected to minimize the interocular size difference of retinal images and with size lenses suggested by the software Aniseikonia Inspector 3, and to check the preference of them for one of these forms of correction.

Methods:

Nineteen school children with anisometropia ≥ 1.5 D in corresponding meridians, in the use of glasses with stock ophthalmic lenses and with size lenses were evaluated for aniseikonia (software Aniseikonia Inspector 3) and stereopsis (Stereo Fly test with LEA symbols). The preference for one of the forms of correction was verified after 40-50 days of wearing glasses.

Results:

The mean and standard deviations of the vertical and horizontal aniseikonia in the use of glasses with stock ophthalmic lenses and with size lenses were, respectively, -1.05% ± 2.20% and-1.37% ± 2.36% (p = 0,82739) and -0.895% ± 2.23% and -1.16% ± 2.03% (p = 0,77018). 31.6% of the school children corrected with size lenses and 21.1% of the students corrected with stock ophthalmic lenses identified the optotypes that suggest stereopsis less than 100 seconds of arc (p = 0.475). Regarding the preference, 4/15 (26.7%) of the students chose the glasses with size lenses, 2/15 (13.3%) chose the glasses with stock ophthalmic lenses, and for 9/15 (60%) the choice was indifferent.

Conclusion:

The induced aniseikonia in school children with anisometropia corrected with size lenses suggested by the software Aniseikonia Inspector 3 was similar to that obtained in the correction with stock ophthalmic lenses with base curves selected to minimize the difference of interocular size of retinal images.

Keywords : Anisometropia; Aniseikonia; Stereopsis; Eye health; Vision disorders; School health; Child.

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