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Revista Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia
Print version ISSN 0034-7299
SANTOS, Rodrigo P.; LEONHARDT, Fernando D.; FERRI, Ricardo G. and GREGORIO, Luiz C.. Endoscopic endonasal ligation of the esphenopalatine artery for severe epistaxis. Rev. Bras. Otorrinolaringol. [online]. 2002, vol.68, n.4, pp. 511-514. ISSN 0034-7299. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-72992002000400009.
Introduction: Severe epistaxis, usually associated to hypertension and blood dyscrasia, may benefit from surgery when the conservative treatment fails. Aim: to evaluate the results of endoscopic endonasal ligation of the sphenopalatine artery for non-responsive severe epistaxis. Study design: Clinical prospective. Material and Method: chart review of twelve patients submitted to endoscopic endonasal ligation of the sphenopalatine artery regarding clinical aspects, predisposing factors and complications of the procedure. Results: the mean age was 50.9 years, and the male:female: ratio was 2:1. Hypertension was presented in 33% and hematologic disorders in 16.6% of the patients. One patient, 8.3%, presented a new bleeding episode after the surgery. Discussion: the endoscopic endonasal ligation of the sphenopalatine artery, proved to be a safe surgical method and presented 8.3% of bleeding after the procedure in our study. Conclusion: avoiding the complications of previous surgical treatments for severe epistaxis, the endoscopic endonasal ligation of the sphenopalatine artery is an effective technique affordable for otolaryngologists with practice in endoscopic endonasal surgery.
Keywords : epistaxis; sphenopalatine artery; endoscopic surgery.