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Revista Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia
Print version ISSN 0034-7299
AZEVEDO, Andréia A. and FIGUEIREDO, Ricardo R.. Tinnitus treatment with acamprosate: double-blind study. Rev. Bras. Otorrinolaringol. [online]. 2005, vol.71, n.5, pp. 618-623. ISSN 0034-7299. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-72992005000500012.
Nowadays, the treatment of tinnitus is still a great challenge for the otolaryngologists. Many facts remain unknown in its pathophysiology, leading to many different therapies, with irregular results. Acamprosate is a drug used in alcoholism treatment, due to its regulating effects in glutamatergic and GABA neurotransmission, and has never been used before in the treatment of tinnitus AIM: To evaluate efficacy and safety of the acamprosate in the treatment of sensorineural tinnitus. STUDY DESIGN: randomized clinical trial. MATERIAL AND METHOD: 50 patients with sensorineural tinnitus were divided into two groups: 25 received acamprosate and 25 placebo, for a period of 3 months, in a prospective double-blind study, being analyzed for its efficacy and safety by the subjective score from 1 to 10 given by the patient. RESULTS: We found a high index of success in the relief of tinnitus, about 86.9%. In 47.8% of the cases we found more than 50% relief. The incidence of side effects was low, 12%, all of them mild. CONCLUSION: Acamprosate, a drug used in the treatment of alcoholism, is a safe and successful alternative for sensorineural tinnitus' treatment.
Keywords : tinnitus; acamprosate.