Revista Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia
versão impressa ISSN 0034-7299
GAZZOLA, Juliana Maria et al. Clinical evaluation of elderly people with chronic vestibular disorder. Rev. Bras. Otorrinolaringol. [online]. 2006, vol.72, n.4, pp. 515-522. ISSN 0034-7299. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-72992006000400013.
Dizziness is common among the elderly. AIM: To characterize social, demographic, clinical, functional and otoneurological data in elderly patients with chronic vestibular disorder. METHOD: A sequential study of 120 patients with chronic vestibular disorder. Simple descriptive analyses were undertaken. RESULTS: Most of the patients were female (68.3%) with a mean age of 73.40±5.77 years. The average number of illnesses associated with the vestibular disorder was 3.83±1.84; the patients were taking on average 3.86±2.27 different medications. The most prevalent diagnosis on the vestibular exam was unilateral vestibular loss (29.8%) and the most prevalent etiology was metabolic vestibulopathy (40.0%) followed by benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (36.7%). Fifty-two patients (43.3%) had experienced dizziness for 5 years or more. Sixty-four patients (53.3%) had at least one fall in the last year and thirty-five (29.2%) had recurrent falls. CONCLUSIONS: Most of the sample included females with associated diseases, and using many different drugs. The most prevalent vestibular diseases were metabolic and vascular labyrinth conditions. Dizziness is a chronic symptom in elderly patients. The association of two vestibular diseases is common. Falls are prevalent in chronic dizzy elderly patients.
Palavras-chave : vestibular disease; elderly; dizziness.