Revista Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia
versão impressa ISSN 0034-7299
GAZZOLA, Juliana Maria; PERRACINI, Monica Rodrigues; GANANCA, Maurício Malavasi e GANANCA, Fernando Freitas. Functional balance associated factors in the elderly with chronic vestibular disorder. Rev. Bras. Otorrinolaringol. [online]. 2006, vol.72, n.5, pp. 683-690. ISSN 0034-7299. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-72992006000500016.
Daily activities can be challenging for the elderly. AIM: To study the association between functional balance, evaluated by the Berg Balance Scale (BBS), sociodemographics, clinical and mobilility (Timed up and go test - TUGT, Dynamic Gait Index - DGI) variables in the elderly with chronic vestibular disorder. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A series study with one hundred and twenty elderly with chronic vestibular disorder. We performed the Mann-Whitney test, the Kruskal-Wallis test followed by Dunn test and the Spearman Coefficient (). RESULTS: Statistically significant associations and correlations were observed between total BBS score and age (=-0.354; p<0.001), age group (p<0.001), number off illnesses (p=0.030), number of illnesses (=-0.287; p=0.001), number of medications (p=0.014), number of medications (=-0.274; p=0.002), recurrent falls (p=0.010), tendency to fall (p=0.002), topographic diagnosis of central vestibular disorder (p<0.001) and periodicity of dizziness (p=0.039), TUGT (=-0.709; p<0.001) and DGI (=-0.748; p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Functional balance in the elderly with chronic vestibular disorders evaluated by the BBS is worse when associated with aging, with a more advanced age group (80 years or more), increasing number of illnesses, presence of five or more illnesses, use of multiple medications, recurrent falls, tendency to fall, central vestibular syndromes, daily dizziness, mobility and gait impairments.
Palavras-chave : vestibular disease; balance; elderly; rehabilitation; dizziness.