Revista Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia
versão impressa ISSN 0034-7299
GANANCA, Maurício Malavasi et al. Optimizing the pharmacological component of integrated balance therapy. Rev. Bras. Otorrinolaringol. [online]. 2007, vol.73, n.1, pp. 12-18. ISSN 0034-7299. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-72992007000100003.
Drug treatment is an important option for the treatment of peripheral vestibular diseases. AIM: To identify the drug component associated with optimal integrated balance therapy (IBT) for Ménières disease or other peripheral vestibular disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Analysis of a series of patients with Ménières disease patients or patients with other peripheral vestibular disorders that received IBT involving either no medication or betahistine, cinnarizine, clonazepam, flunarizine or Ginkgo biloba during 120 days. RESULTS: In Ménières disease, significant differences were observed for all drug therapies (60 days) versus no medication; betahistine was significantly more effective than all other drugs at 60 and 120 days. For non-Ménières disorders, significant differences were observed among betahistine, cinnarizine, clonazepam and flunarizine and no medication after 60 days; all drug therapies were significantly more effective than no medication after 120 days; betahistine, cinnarizine or clonazepam were equally effective and betahistine was more effective than flunarizine and EGb 761. All treatment options were well tolerated. CONCLUSIONS: Drug therapies were more effective than no medication in the IBT for patients with Ménières disease or other peripheral vestibular disorders. Betahistine was the most effective medication for patients with Ménières disease and was as effective as cinnarizine and clonazepam for other peripheral vestibular disorders.
Palavras-chave : menieres disease [therapy]; labyrinth diseases; dizziness; vertigo.