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Revista Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia
Print version ISSN 0034-7299
GREGORIO, Marcelo Gervilla et al. Evaluation of airway obstruction by nasopharyngoscopy: comparison of the Müller maneuver versus induced sleep. Rev. Bras. Otorrinolaringol. [online]. 2007, vol.73, n.5, pp.618-622. ISSN 0034-7299. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-72992007000500006.
The use of nasopharyngoscopy during the application of intrathoracic pressure (Müller maneuver) is frequently employed to establish the site of upper airway obstruction. The Müller maneuver, however, is used when the patient is awake and therefore may not correlate with obstruction occurring during sleep. AIM: to compare the degree of pharyngeal obstruction in the retropalatal and retroglossal regions during the Müller maneuver versus induced sleep using nasopharyngoscopy. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective, case series study. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eight patients (three males, five females), with a mean age of 48.6 +/- 9,2 year, underwent nasopharyngoscopy to assess airway anatomy and funciton during the Müller maneuver while awake and during sleep induced by drip infusion of Midazolam. RESULTS: Retropalatal obstruction was similar during the Müller maneuver and sleep (mean + standard deviation = 3.13 +/- 0.99 and 2.75 +/- 0.46, p= 0.234). Retroglossal obstruction was significantly lower during Müller maneuver compared to sleep (mean + standard deviation 0.63 +/- 1.06 and 2.63 +/- 1.30, respectively, p= 0.005). CONCLUSIONS: The sleep inducing method was safe under the monitored conditions of this study, and detected more retroglossal obstruction than the Müller maneuver.
Keywords : apnea; laryngoscopy; midazolam; sleep.