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Revista Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia
Print version ISSN 0034-7299
PIATTO, Vânia Belintani et al. Correlation between audiometric data and the 35delG mutation in ten patients. Rev. Bras. Otorrinolaringol. [online]. 2007, vol.73, n.6, pp.777-783. ISSN 0034-7299. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-72992007000600009.
Mutations in the connexin 26 gene seem to be extremely common in non-syndromic hereditary deafness genesis, especially the 35delG, but there are still only a few studies that describe the audiometric characteristics of patients with these mutations. AIM: to analyze the audiometric characteristics of patients with mutations in the connexin 26 gene in order to outline genotype-phenotype correlation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Tonal audiometries of 33 index cases of non-syndromic sensorineural hearing loss were evaluated and eight affected relatives. Specific molecular tests were carried out to analyze mutations in the connexin 26 gene. EXPERIMENT DESING: Retrospective, cross-sectional study. RESULTS: A 27.3% prevalence of mutation 35delG was found in the index cases and 12.5% among the relatives affected. In relation to hearing loss degree, 41.5% of the patients were found with profound hearing loss, 39% with severe HL and 19.5% with moderate HL with homozygote and heterozygote patients for the 35delG predominating in the severe-moderate hearing losses. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that the audiometric data associated with the molecular diagnose of hearing loss helped us to outline a genotype-phenotype correlation in ten patients with 35delG mutation. However, it is still necessary to run multicentric studies to verify the real phenotypic expression in the Brazilian population, as far as the 35delG mutation is concerned.
Keywords : molecular analysis; audiometry; hearing loss; 35delg mutation.