Revista Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia
versão impressa ISSN 0034-7299
GOMES, Adriana de Oliveira Camargo; SAMPAIO-TEIXEIRA, Ana Claudia Martins; TRINDADE, Sergio Henrique Kiemle e TRINDADE, Inge Elly Kiemle. Nasal cavity geometry of healthy adults assessed using acoustic rhinometry. Rev. Bras. Otorrinolaringol. [online]. 2008, vol.74, n.5, pp. 746-759. ISSN 0034-7299. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-72992008000500017.
Acoustic rhinometry (AR) has been used as a specific test for nasal patency. AIM: this study aimed to set the reference values for nasal cavity cross-section geometry in healthy adults through AR. STUDY DESIGN: this is a clinical prospective study. MATERIALS AND METHOD: thirty volunteers (14 males and 16 females) without signs of nasal obstruction and aged between 18 and 30 years were enrolled in this study. They were assessed before and after being treated topically with a nasal vasoconstrictor drug. Their nasal cross-sectional areas were measured at the three dips of the rhinogram, corresponding respectively to the nasal valve (CSA1), the anterior (CSA2), and the posterior (CSA3) region of the inferior and middle turbinate. RESULTS: the mean areas (±SD) for 60 nasal cavities before nasal vasoconstriction were: 0.54±0.13cm2 (CSA1), 0.98±0.31 cm2 (CSA2), and 1.42±0.44cm2 (CSA3). After vasoconstriction, the mean values of the three segments analyzed were significantly larger (p<0.05). Gender was not a statistically significant variable. CONCLUSION: The nasal cross-sectional areas obtained for adults may be used for control purposes when studying patients with nasal obstruction, in conjunction with the nasal volume values previously reported by our group.
Palavras-chave : nasal cavity; acoustic rhinometry; reference values.