Revista Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia
Print version ISSN 0034-7299
PERNAMBUCO, Leandro de Araújo and VILELA, Mirella Bezerra Rodrigues. Larynx cancer mortality in the State of Pernambuco - Brazil - 2000-2004. Rev. Bras. Otorrinolaringol. [online]. 2009, vol.75, n.2, pp. 222-227. ISSN 0034-7299. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-72992009000200010.
The larynx is considered a site of the greatest occurrence of head and neck neoplasias, and for cancer studies, mortality is one of the most reliable health indicators. AIM: to study the mortality by laryngeal cancer in Pernambuco during 2000-2004. STUDY FORMAT: contemporary cross-sectional cohort. MATERIALS AND METHODS: we considered all deaths by laryngeal cancer in residents of Pernambuco State between 2000 and 2004, taken from the State's Mortality Information System (SIM/SUS). The data was analyzed through descriptive statistics, with the results expressed in tables, graphs and maps, using Excel version 2000 and the EpiInfo version 6.04b software. RESULTS: There was little variation in the mortality coefficient in the years considered for study. The Sertão Mesoregion had the highest number of deaths and Fernando de Noronha island had the highest mortality rate. The patient profile found was: men, between 60-69 years, brown color, married, with low literacy, who died in a hospital setting. CONCLUSION: we found mortality stability and heterogeneity among the cities. The mortality profile according to social variables corroborates data found in other Brazilian States, except for race/color.
Keywords : epidemiology; mortality; laryngeal cancer.