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Revista Brasileira de Política Internacional

Print version ISSN 0034-7329On-line version ISSN 1983-3121

Abstract

CARNEIRO, Cristiane de Andrade Lucena. Economic sanctions and human rights: an analysis of competing enforcement strategies in Latin America. Rev. bras. polít. int. [online]. 2014, vol.57, n.1, pp.197-215. ISSN 1983-3121.  https://doi.org/10.1590/0034-7329201400111.

This article addresses the consequences of economic sanctions for the protection of human rights in Latin America. The literature on sanctions and compliance informs three hypotheses, which investigate the relationship between sanctions and the level of rights protection in two groups of countries: those that were targeted by sanctions and those that were not. Using data from the Political Terror Scale (PTS) and from Freedom House, I find empirical evidence that sanctions do improve the level of protection in countries that were not targeted. This finding can be explained by the deterrent effect attributed to sanctions by the compliance literature, broadly interpreted. The presence of economic sanctions in a given year increases the probability of observing better human rights practices by almost 50%. These results hold for the 12 Latin American countries that were not subject to economic sanctions for the period 1976-2004.

Keywords : economic sanctions; human rights; Latin America.

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