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Revista Ceres

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ROTILI, Eliane Aparecida et al. Efficiency in the use of phosphorus by rice varieties grown in lowland soils. Rev. Ceres [online]. 2010, vol.57, n.3, pp.415-420. ISSN 0034-737X.

Rice stands out as one of the most important crops in the world, because of its easy adaptability to distinct edaphoclimatic conditions. Rice is cultivated and consumed worldwide and stands out by the large production and cultivation area, playing strategic economic and social roles. In Brasil, the largest rice productions are obtained in lowland ecosystems. This work aimed to study the efficiency in phosphorus use by rice varieties in lowland areas in the southwest of Tocantins State. The treatments involved eight rice commercial varieties (BRS-Jaçanã, Best-2000, BRS-Guará, BRS-Alvorada, BRA-01381, AN-Cambará, BRS 7-TAIM and EPAGRI-109), which were farmed in two distinct environments. In order to simulate environments with low and high phosphorus levels, P2O5 was used at the levels of 20 and 120 kg ha-1 respectively. The experiments were carried out in a randomized complete blocks design, with four replications. Grain yield was used to classify the varieties regarding the efficiency in use and response to phosphorus application. Was shown that only the variety BRS-Alvorada was efficient in using phosphorus and responsive to its application.

Keywords : abiotic stress; genotypes; mineral stress; Oryza sativa L.

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