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Revista Ceres

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SANTOS, Gil Rodrigues dos et al. Diversity of Magnaporthe grisea in upland rice of Southern Tocantins State, Brazil. Rev. Ceres [online]. 2012, vol.59, n.1, pp.65-70. ISSN 0034-737X.

The rice blast, caused by the fungus Magnaporthe grisea, is one of the most important rice diseases in Brazil and in the world, mainly in upland conditions. This work aimed to identify the physiological races of M. grisea in commercial fields of rice cultivated in the upland system in Southern Tocantins State. Samples of rice plants containing blast symptoms were collected in the experimental field of the Federal University of Tocantins, Campus of Gurupi and commercial fields in the following municipalities: Aliança, Dueré, Figueirópolis and Peixe. For the identification of M. grisea races, monosporic isolates were prepared in the laboratory and differential lineages were planted in a greenhouse. A total of 21 physiological races of M. grisea distributed in six groups of races from the International Standard Differential (ISD), where the most prevalent groups were IA and ID, comprising 52.38% and 14.28% of all isolates, respectively. The four most prevalent races were IA-1, IA-33, IC-1 and ID-9, of which IA-1 is considered the most aggressive. The highest number of races was found in the cultivar Primavera.

Keywords : Oryza sativa L.; Pyricularia grisea; blast.

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