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Revista Ceres

versão impressa ISSN 0034-737X

Resumo

BALDOTTO, Lílian Estrela Borges et al. Initial growth of maize in response to application of rock phosphate, vermicompost and endophytic bacteria. Rev. Ceres [online]. 2012, vol.59, n.2, pp.262-270. ISSN 0034-737X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-737X2012000200016.

Due to the high energy requirement and demand for non-renewable resources for the production of chemical fertilizers, added also to the environmental impact caused by the use of such products, it is important to intensify research on bio-based agricultural inputs. The use of nitrogen-fixing endophytic and phosphate solubilizing bacteria can provide these nutrients to the plants from the air and poorly soluble phosphorus sources, such as phosphate rock. The objective of this study was to evaluate the nutrition and initial growth of maize (Zea mays L.) in response to the inoculation of nitrogen-fixing and rock phosphate solubilizing endophytic bacteria, in single or mixed formulation, applied with vermicompost. The treatments containing bacteria, both diazotrophic and phosphate solubilizing, when compared to controls, showed higher levels of leaf nitrogen and phosphorus in maize, as well as higher growth characteristics. The application of vermicompost showed synergistic effect when combined with endophytic bacteria. Thus, the innovation of the combination of the studied factors may contribute to the early development of maize.

Palavras-chave : Zea mays L.; plant growth-promoting bacteria; biological nitrogen fixation; phosphate solubilizing bacteria; biological inputs.

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