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Revista Ceres

Print version ISSN 0034-737X

Abstract

SASAKI, Robson Shigueaki et al. Parameters of electrostatic spraying and its influence on the application efficiency. Rev. Ceres [online]. 2013, vol.60, n.4, pp.474-479. ISSN 0034-737X.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0034-737X2013000400005.

When the electrostatic spraying is used correctly, it provides advantages over conventional systems, however many factors can affect the system efficiency. Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate the charge/mass ratio (Q/M) at different spraying distances (0, 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 m), and the liquid deposition efficiency on the target. Evaluating the Q/M ratio the Faraday cage method was used and to evaluate the liquid deposition efficiency the artificial targets were positioned longitudinally and transversely to the spray jet. It was found that the spraying distance affects the Q/M ratio, consequently, the liquid deposition efficiency. For the closest distance to the target the Q/M ratio was 4.11 mC kg-1, and at distances of 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 m, the ratio decreased to 1.38, 0.64, 0.31, 0.17 and 0.005 mC kg-1, respectively. For the liquid deposition, the electrostatic system was affected by the target orientation and spraying distance. The target transversely to the jet of liquid did not improve the liquid deposition, but longitudinally increased the deposition up to 3 meters of distance.

Keywords : charge/mass ratio; liquid of deposition; efficiency in the electrostatic spraying.

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