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Revista Ceres

versão impressa ISSN 0034-737X

Resumo

WORDELL FILHO, João Américo; DUARTE, Henrique da Silva Silveira  e  RODRIGUES, Fabrício de Ávila. Effect of foliar application of potassium silicate and fungicide on the severity of leaf rust and yellow leaf spot in wheat. Rev. Ceres [online]. 2013, vol.60, n.5, pp.726-730. ISSN 0034-737X.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0034-737X2013000500018.

The occurrence of diseases such as leaf rust (Puccinia triticina) and yellow spot (Drechslera tritici-repentis) can decrease wheat yield. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of foliar application of potassium silicate (PS) and fungicide on the control of leaf rust and yellow spot in the cultivars Safira and Quartzo. The experiment was carried out in a randomized complete block split-split plot design with four replications. The cultivars were randomly assigned to the main plot, and in the subplots, the treatments T1 - control, T2 - fungicide (azoxystrobin 60 g a.i/ha + ciproconazole + 24 g a.i/ha) sprayed at the growth stages 45 (booting) and 58 (heading), T3 - PS (40 g/L) sprayed at growth stages 45 and 58, T4 - PS (40 g/L) and fungicide sprayed, respectively, at growth stages 45 and 58 and T5 - potassium hydroxide (6.5 g/L) sprayed in the growth stages of 45 and 58. The volume used in the sprays was 250 L/ha. The evaluation of leaf rust and yellow spot severity started at 7 days after the first spraying and then every week, in a total of five assessments. Data of disease severity were used to calculate the area under leaf rust progress curve (AULRPC) and the area under yellow spot progress curve (AUYSPC). The PS, at the rate and the number of sprayings, was not efficient to decrease both AUYSPC and AULRPC in the two cultivars.

Palavras-chave : Drechslera tritici-repentis; Puccinia triticina; mineral nutrition.

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