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Revista Ceres

Print version ISSN 0034-737X

Abstract

DALCHIAVON, Flávio Carlos et al. Relationship of sugarcane ratoon yeld with resistance penetration, humidity and soil organic matter. Rev. Ceres [online]. 2014, vol.61, n.2, pp.255-264. ISSN 0034-737X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-737X2014000200014.

The sugarcane crop plays an important role on Brazilian economy,, especially in the aspect related to alternative energy sources. Yield of ratoon cane (2nd cycle) was evaluated in relation to resistance to penetration, gravimetric moisture and organic matter in a Typic Tropustalf, in the municipality of Suzanápolis (SP), 20º28'10'' S and 50º49'20'' W, in the Brazilian cerrado, in 2009. The main purpose was to select, among the attributes surveyed, the one with the highest linear and spatial correlations that explains the variability of sugar cane yield. A geostatistical grid was installed in order to collect data from the soil as well from the plant, with 120 sampling points in an area of 14.53 ha. Organic matter correlated linearly and negatively with penetration resistance, indicating that the soil management practices that aim its increase in the soil profile can improve soil physical conditions, and consequently, the development and yield of sugarcane. Both gravimetric moisture (UG) and content of soil organic matter (OM) correlated directly, linearly (UG2 and MO1) and spatially (UG1 and MO1) with sugarcane yield, proving to be the best attributes, among the evaluated ones, to estimate and increase the sugarcane yield.

Keywords : geostatistical; soil management and conservation; Saccharum spp.; spatial variability.

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