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Revista Ceres

Print version ISSN 0034-737XOn-line version ISSN 2177-3491


SILVA, Cristiano Lemes da et al. Selecting wheat genotypes for yield and baking quality in multi-environment trials. Rev. Ceres [online]. 2015, vol.62, n.4, pp.360-371. ISSN 0034-737X.

The objective of this study was to select wheat lines for baking quality and grain yield in multi-environment trials in order to identify ideal test environments for selection. A total of 39 wheat genotypes, 18 inbred lines and 9 checks were evaluated in 2010, and other 11 inbred lines and 4 checks in 2011, in the state of Paraná. Some lines and locations were not repeated between the two years. The experimental design was a randomized block design with three replications. GGE biplot analysis (Genotype and Genotype-by-environment) was used to evaluate the genotypes and test environments. The locations Nova Fátima, Pitangueiras and Ventania were discriminative (maximized the expression of yield potential and the differentiation among genotypes) and representatives of the environments evaluated in the 2010 crop season. Rolândia and Astorga stood out as ideal environments to select better genotypes for baking quality in 2011. The inbred lines BIO-08528 and BIO-08228 were classified as ideal genotypes for grain yield (GY) and grain protein concentration (GPC), respectively. However, in 2011 the inbred lines BIO-10161 and BIO-10141 were superior for baking quality and GY, respectively. SDS sedimentation test and GPC were correlated each other (r= 0,61**) and moderately associated with the gluten strength (r=0,49 and** 0,74**), indicating that both traits can be used for indirect selection of baking quality.

Keywords : Triticumaestivum L.; stability; genotype-by-environment interaction; GGE biplot.

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