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Revista Ceres

Print version ISSN 0034-737XOn-line version ISSN 2177-3491

Abstract

GALVAO, Elaine Cristina et al. Substrates and indol butyric acid on red dragon fruit of white pulp seedlings production. Rev. Ceres [online]. 2016, vol.63, n.6, pp.860-867. ISSN 0034-737X.  https://doi.org/10.1590/0034-737x201663060016.

Dragon fruit is a fruit cactus originating in the tropical rainforests of South and Central America. It produces unconventional fruits that are much appreciated, with great potential for diversification of the sector. It is propagated preferentially by cutting, providing increase in the precocity and uniformity of the orchards. In order to maximize the production of seedlings, the objective was to evaluate different concentrations of indole-3-butyric acid (IBA) and three types of substrates in the production of dragon fruit seedlings ((Hylocereus undatus). The experiment was conducted in experimental design was a randomized complete block design with factorial 5x3 (IBA concentrations - 0, 1000, 2000, 3000 and 4000 mg L-1 x substrates - sand, sand and soil, soil) with three reapplications. After 120 planting the cuttings, the following characteristics were evaluated: number of lateral cladodes, length of cladodes, fresh roots biomass, dry roots biomass, fresh shoot biomass and dry shoot biomass. The results of the variables were subjected to variance analysis and the substrates were grouped by Scott-Knott test and the effect of the IBA was evaluated by regression. There was a significant effect of the interaction between IBA doses and substrate types only for the variable number of cladodes. The immersion of the cuttings in solution with IBA resulted in significant differences in the phytotechnical characteristics: number and length of the cladodes, fresh biomass of the roots and aerial part. The significance of the substrates occurred for the fresh and dry biomass of the roots. The range between 1776.33 and 2299 mg L-1 of IBA provides greater growth of dragon fruit seedlings. The substrate sand promotes greater rooting of the seedlings.

Keywords : Hylocereus undatus; propagation; cuttings; auxin.

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