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Revista Ceres

Print version ISSN 0034-737XOn-line version ISSN 2177-3491

Abstract

GOMES, Yara Cristiane Buhl; DALCHIAVON, Flávio Carlos  and  VALADAO, Franciele Caroline de Assis. Joint use of fungicides, insecticides and inoculants in the treatment of soybean seeds. Rev. Ceres [online]. 2017, vol.64, n.3, pp.258-265. ISSN 0034-737X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0034-737x201764030006.

The interference of the joint application of pesticides with seed inoculation on the survival of Bradyrhizobium has been reported in the last years. So, the objective of this study was to evaluate the joint use of fungicides, insecticides and inoculant in the treatment of soybean seeds on various parameters of Bradyrhizobium nodulation in soybean as well as on crop productivity parameters. The experiment was conducted during the 2013/2014 crop in the experimental field of the Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia de Mato Grosso - Campo Novo do Parecis Campus. The seeds of TMG 133 RR variety were sown in pots. It was used a randomized block design in a 4 x 4 + 1 factorial, four fungicides (1: fludioxonil + metalaxyl-M, 2: carboxine + thiram, 3: difeconazole and 4: carbendazim + thiram), four insecticides (1: fipronil 250 SC, 2: thiamethoxam, 3: imidacloprid + thiodicarpe and 4: imodacloprid 600 FC) and an inoculant (SEMIA 5079 and SEMIA 5080), common to all treatments, with three replications. The experiment was not repeated. The joint application of fungicide and insecticide with inoculant does not affect nodulation, foliar N content and vegetative growth of the plants as well as the masses of grains per plant and 100-grain mass. The use of the carbendazim + thiram mixed with fipronil and carbendazim + thiram mixed with imidacloprid provides less number of pods per plant and grains per plant, reflecting in reductions in the production of soybean grains. In this way, the fungicide carbendazim + thiram, regardless of the combined applied insecticide, is the most harmful to Bradyrhizobium spp.

Keywords : biological nitrogen fixation; Bradyrhizobium ssp; Glycine max L. Merrill; grain yield; nodulation..

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