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Revista Ceres

Print version ISSN 0034-737XOn-line version ISSN 2177-3491

Abstract

FIORAVANCO, João Caetano  and  CZERMAINSKI, Ana Beatriz Costa. Biennial bearing in apple cultivars. Rev. Ceres [online]. 2018, vol.65, n.2, pp.144-149. ISSN 0034-737X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0034-737x201865020005.

Biennial bearing is the process in fruit trees by which one year of high fruit load is followed by a very low load or no production the next year. In apple growing, this is a troublesome problem, because of the negative effect on crop yield accumulated over the years, fruit quality, and plant physiology. The objective of this study was to evaluate the biennial bearing of nine apple cultivars, grafted on two rootstocks using of the biennial bearing index (BBI). The indices were calculated for the scion cultivars Maxi-Gala, Gala Real, Royal Gala, Fuji Select, Fuji Suprema, Mishima, Daiane, and Cripps Pink based on the yields from the harvests from 2008 to 2013. The apple cultivars exhibited no significant alternate production, considering the range of variation of the index. For the M-9 rootstock, cv. Fuji Suprema showed the highest BBI. For Marubakaido/M-9, Baigent, Mishima, Fuji Select, and Maxi-Gala showed the highest indices. There was no correlation between the biennial bearing index and the stem cross section of the scion cultivars, regardless of the rootstock used.

Keywords : Malus x domestica; yield; fruit thinning.

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