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Revista Ceres

versão impressa ISSN 0034-737Xversão On-line ISSN 2177-3491

Resumo

MILAGRES, Carla do Carmo et al. Nitrogen indexes and model to prognostic the potato tubers production. Rev. Ceres [online]. 2018, vol.65, n.3, pp.261-270. ISSN 0034-737X.  https://doi.org/10.1590/0034-737x201865030006.

The use of indexes is a practical and important tool for the nitrogen fertilization management on potato crop, and can be used to prognosis the yield of tubers. Thus, this study aimed to determine the effect of splitting nitrogen fertilizer on nitrogen indexes, as well as to establish a model for the prognosis of tuber yield. The Agate and Asterix cultivars were used in two independent experiments. The treatments consisted of: T1 - control without N fertilization; T2 - 50% of N dose at planting and 50% of N dose at 22 days after plant emergence (DAE); and T3 - 100% of N dose at planting. Urea was used as source of N and the total dose applied was 220 kg ha-1 of N. The indexes evaluated were: chlorophyll (CHL), Flavonol (FLV), nitrogen balance (NBI), evaluated with Dualex, and SPAD, determined in the fourth fully developed leaf, at 10, 21, 34, 48, 62 and 76 DAE. Dose and N splitting interfered on the evaluated indexes and the values of SPAD, CHL and NBI decreased with increasing in plant age, while the FLV increased for both cultivars. The CHL index was the most suitable to indirectly estimate the petiole sap nitrate content, the N content in the dry matter and the N accumulated in the fourth leaf. Both indexes, SPAD and CHL, can be used to prognosis the final potato tuber yield and a model was established using these indexes.

Palavras-chave : Solanum tuberosum L; SPAD; Dualex; Asterix; Ágata.

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