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Revista Ceres

Print version ISSN 0034-737XOn-line version ISSN 2177-3491


BERON, Leidy Esperanza Pamplona; SALCEDO, Andrés Felipe Calvo  and  MARTINEZ, Arley Bejarano. Detection of foliar diseases using image processing techniques. Rev. Ceres [online]. 2020, vol.67, n.2, pp.100-110.  Epub May 08, 2020. ISSN 2177-3491.

This paper presents the development of a methodology to detect the percentage of affected area of Phytophthora infestans disease in tomato plants, using digital image processing techniques to extract the regions of interest with color analysis, where the YIQ and TSL models for the detection of the disease. The method consists of solving one of the most common problems in images that is segmentation, in this case the background and the disease with the Plant Village database, which was captured under uncontrolled lighting conditions. In the experiments conducted, it is observed that our method achieved a performance of 98.60% for the detection of healthy pixels and 98.17% in detection of sick pixels. This process was subjected to comparison against other alternatives of the state of the art like K-means with HSV and LAB, showing a referred error regarding the leaf size of 4.32 ± 5.44% in the detection of the disease and a computational time of 0.03 ± 0.01 [s] in comparison with the other procedures, in addition, this methodology was implemented to detect the foliar diseases black Sigatoka and yellow Sigatoka in banana leaves obtaining satisfactory results.

Keywords : affected area; black Sigatoka; Phytophthora infestans; yellow Sigatoka..

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