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Revista Ceres

Print version ISSN 0034-737XOn-line version ISSN 2177-3491

Abstract

ALAM, Taufan et al. Soybean varieties suitability in agroforestry system with kayu putih under influence of soil quality parameters. Rev. Ceres [online]. 2020, vol.67, n.5, pp.410-418.  Epub Oct 02, 2020. ISSN 2177-3491.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0034-737x202067050009.

The existence of soybean varieties and soil type interaction causes differences in productivity of soybean varieties in agroforestry systems with kayu putih. Soil quality parameters (physical, chemical and biological characteristics) will affect the productivity of soybean varieties. The objective of this study was to reveal the relationship between soil quality parameters with soybean varieties suitability in agroforestry system with kayu putih over three locations in which their soil type were different, i.e. Lithic Haplusterts, Ustic Epiaquerts and Vertic Haplustalfs. The study was conducted from May to August, 2018 in Menggoran Forest Resort, Playen District, Gunungkidul Regency, Special Province of Yogyakarta, Indonesia. The highest yield of soybean per hectare on Dering I grown in Lithic Haplusterts and Ustic Epiaquerts was 1.38 and 1.27 tons.ha-1, respectively, while Grobogan in Ustic Epiaquerts 1.24 tons.ha-1. Dering I showed the mean of the highest yield and most suitable in all soil types, while Gema showed the mean of the lowest yield and not suitable in all soil types. Soil quality parameters that had a significant influenced on the production of soybean varieties in agroforestry systems with kayu putih were chemical characteristic consisting of availability of P, Mg, NH4 +, Mn and Ca.

Keywords : soil type; soil characteristic; yield of soybean.

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