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Revista de Administração Pública
versão impressa ISSN 0034-7612
COHEN, Marcos e SILVA, Jorge Ferreira da. Evaluation of collaborative strategies for ecotourism and recreational activities in natural parks of Rio de Janeiro. Rev. Adm. Pública [online]. 2010, vol.44, n.5, pp.1097-1123. ISSN 0034-7612. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-76122010000500005.
In the city of Rio de Janeiro, the management agencies of environmental conservation units of the park type have been attempting to meet five primary objectives set by the National System for Conservation Units (NSCU), using participatory management guidelines for these units. Two of these objectives relate to the development of recreation activities that involve contact with nature and ecological tourism. This article presents the analyses and conclusions regarding the implementation of collaborative strategies with businesses to achieve such objectives; it is part of a series of research studies having a broader scope. Case studies were conducted in eight parks by means of dozens of interviews with managers and other interested social actors, as well as by documentary research and direct observation. The results suggest that the ecotourism objective is still far from being reached, and that the collaborative strategies used are not sufficient to compensate for the organizational, material and human limitations that encumber these agencies. It was also concluded for the sample that there lacks a strategic vision on the part of the three branches of government involved in the management of these parks in the sense of viewing ecotourism in the city's conservation units as a powerful means to foster local sustainable development.
Palavras-chave : ecotourism; recreational activities; collaborative strategies; natural parks.