Revista de Administração Pública
Print version ISSN 0034-7612
NERI, Marcelo Cortes and SOARES, Wagner Lopes. Sustainable Tourism and Eradication of Poverty (Step): impact assessment of a tourism development program in Brazil. Rev. Adm. Pública [online]. 2012, vol.46, n.3, pp. 865-878. ISSN 0034-7612. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-76122012000300012.
This paper aims to evaluate the social impacts of the Tourism Development Program (Prodetur) in the northeastern town of Porto Seguro, Bahia, Brazil. The method used is based on the difference in difference technique applied to the 1991 and 2000 Census microdata. The results suggest social advances following from poverty relief based on income - where the benefits are distributed, generally, in a relatively equal manner between the native and migrant population. There is a relative deterioration in the sanitary situation, which consists of a very serious problem in the mid- and long-term, whose costs are mostly borne by the native population. Therefore, maintaining the natural capital is the main aspect that distances Porto Seguro’s tourism supply from the concept of sustainability. The article also relies on difference in difference estimators to assess the impacts of local public policies related to the sector.
Keywords : sustainable tourism; poverty; programme evaluation; difference in difference; public policies.