Revista de Saúde Pública
Print version ISSN 0034-8910
YUNES, João and RONCHEZEL, Vera Shirley Carvalho. Trends in general, infant and proportional mortality in Brazil. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 1974, vol.8, suppl., pp. 3-48. ISSN 0034-8910. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89101974000500002.
Study of the evolution of general mortality, infant mortality rate and mortality ratio in Brazil and phisiographical regions. During the last 30 years the reduction of general mortality in Brazil was 47.5% and the biggest fall was noticed in the West-Center Region. In the last 10 years the rise of the rate in all Regions was observed starting in different years. This fact is due to the increase of infant mortality. When one compares general mortality in Brazil with that of developed countries, it can be considered high since 42% of the population in 14 years old, showing an insatisfactory health level. During the period of 30 years there was a reduction of the infant mortality rate to 46.2%. In the last 10 years a rising rate is observed, showing that the health level is worse and when we compare it with other countries the noticed difference is relevant. When we evaluate the proportional mortality (% of the total deaths of children with less than 1 year) from 1940 to 1970 is remarkable on increasing of 16.3%. In the last 10 years it was higher in the west-center region (57.7%) and South west (36.1%). When we compare the data of Brazil with the most developed State and City of Brazil (São Paulo) we always see that these health indicators present itself as being higher in the country as a whole, refleting a worse health level. Among the principal conditionant reasons of the worsening health level in Brazil during the last ten years appears the economical one where the income distribution concentration increases, the real minimum wages fall by 20%. Consequently the worker's possibility of acquising wealth decreases. Adding to this, the increasing of the population without environmental health is growing.
Keywords : Mortality; Infant mortality; Brazil; Population, Brazilian.