SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.21 número3Envelhecimento populacional: uma realidade brasileiraCaracterísticas epidemiológicas dos acidentes na infância índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
Home Pagelista alfabética de periódicos  

Serviços Personalizados




Links relacionados


Revista de Saúde Pública

versão impressa ISSN 0034-8910versão On-line ISSN 1518-8787


VERAS, Renato P.; RAMOS, Luiz Roberto  e  KALACHE, Alexandre. The increase of the elderly population in Brazil: transformation of and consequences for society. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 1987, vol.21, n.3, pp.225-233. ISSN 0034-8910.

The social and economic transformation which has been occurring in the life of the elderly, and the increase of the Brazilian population aged 60 years or over is discussed. The migration process (in 1940 the rural population was 68.8% and in 1980, 32.4%) and the intense urbanisation in major Brazilian cities has been particularly evident for the elderly population, or for those growing older in these cities. This new social organization had increased the problems of loneliness and poverty among the elderly. Furthermore, as a consequence of the loss of social status which has reduced their participation in contemporary society, the elderly have been loosing the emotional suport within their own families. Traditionally, older people are viewed as an integral part of the family and enjoy high esteem and prestige. There are factors which play an important role in the family changes - these factors are the decrease in the number of children, their dispersion owing to migration and urbanisation, and the increase in the number of divorces between couples. The relatively longer life span of women has brought unique consequences such as a decrease of income, an increase in the number of widows and a longer period of chronic disease, as well as the changing role of women and their participation in the labour force which further diminish the chances of family support. This paper also discusses certain aspects related to the issues of work, retirement and social expenditure (dependency ratio).

Palavras-chave : Demographic aging; Social change; Aged; Rural-urban migration; Family; Women; Retirement; Inactive population.

        · resumo em Português     · texto em Português     · Português ( pdf epdf )


Creative Commons License Todo o conteúdo deste periódico, exceto onde está identificado, está licenciado sob uma Licença Creative Commons