Revista de Saúde Pública
Print version ISSN 0034-8910
On-line version ISSN 1518-8787
ALVAREZ, Maria de la Luz; WURGAFT, Fanny; ARAYA, Magdalena and ESPINOZA, Julio. Typhoid fever in children of low and high socieconomic strata: comparison of hygiene habits. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 1990, vol.24, n.2, pp.108-112. ISSN 0034-8910. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89101990000200005.
The relationship between the hygienic habits of children who had typhoid fever (TF) who had recently begun attending school and their family group, is assessed. It is supposed that children, independently of their SES, acquired TF because of inadequate habits which facilitated the oral-fecal cycle. The sample was formed of 40 child-mother dyads: 20 of low SES (group A) and 20 of high SES (group B), the child of each of which had had TF. Results showed that the hygienic habits of children with respect to the oral-fecal cycle, their perception of school toilet cleanliness as well as the mothers' explanation of their children's hygienic habits is very similar in the two groups. The importance of these results is that the SES is seem to be irrelevant in the case of TF but that the hygienic habits of the children are of importance. Public health policy should be modified to include the teaching of proper hygienic habits (oral-fecal cycle).
Keywords : Typhoid [transmission]; Habits; Hygiene; Socieconomic factors.