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Revista de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1518-8787
OSMO, André Alexandre et al. A serological inquiry for the detection of antibodies against the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) in children in a general ward. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 1990, vol.24, n.2, pp. 113-118. ISSN 1518-8787. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89101990000200006.
The results of a serum inquiry for detection of antibodies against the Human Immunodeficiency Virus in a non selected group of children, patients of a general pediatric ward, are reported. Of the 441 cases, the ELISA test gave a positive result for 1.1% of them. This result was confirmed by the Western-Blot or ImmunoBlot test. None of the five children who tested positive had a previous history of blood transfusion. These children's mothers showed positive results to the ELISA test. Of four cases, at least one of the parents was IV drug addicted. In every case the transmission was vertical. On the basis of these findings, it is suggested that hospital staff should take the necessary precautions when manipulating blood and secretions and it is recommended that serum inquiries be made on the wards of general hospitals in the attempt to establish reliable data on the prevalence of HIV.
Keywords : HIV antibodies [isolation]; AIDS serodiagnosis.