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Revista de Saúde Pública
Print version ISSN 0034-8910
GIR, Elucir et al. Epidemiological expression of other sexually transmitted diseases among AIDS patients. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 1994, vol.28, n.2, pp. 93-99. ISSN 0034-8910. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89101994000200001.
This study was carried out in order to estimate the frequence of other sexually transmitted diseases (STD) among AIDS patients and to identify their epidemiological association and possible relations to the groups most exposed to the virus. The data were collected from the medical case histories and the STD were identified on the basis of data provided by anamnesis, physical examination and laboratory examinations. Of the total of HIV/AIDS patients assisted at the hospital studied (S.Paulo State, Brazil), between January 1986 and January 1992, 207 were included as sample subjects for this survey. Of the patients studied, 88 (42.5%) had some other STD and 119 (57.5%) had no other STD, equivalent to a proportion of 0.7 STD patients-STD to each non-STD patient. The most prevalent STD identified were hepatitis B (33.3%), syphilis (30.3%) and gonorrhoea (12.9%). Concerning the means of transmission by which the patients had probably been infected with HIV, blood transmission was the most prevalent (44.9%); followed by sexual contact (21.3%); sexual/blood (17.9%); in 25.9% it was undetermined. In a particular comparison of sexual and blood transmisson and the presence of other STD a statatiscal difference in those cases that were exposed to sexual transmission was observed.
Keywords : Sexually transmitted diseases [epidemiology]; Acquired imunodeficiency syndrome [complications]; Risk factors.