Revista de Saúde Pública
versão On-line ISSN 1518-8787
LOFFREDO, Leonor de Castro Monteiro et al. Oral clefts: a case-control study. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 1994, vol.28, n.3, pp.213-217. ISSN 1518-8787. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89101994000300009.
This study relates to a case-control analysis for the purpose of verifying the association between oral clefts and possible risk factors. The analysed variables were: place of mother's residence (urban/ rural), pollution, parental diseases, mother's diseases during the first four months of pregnancy, intake of drugs related to this period, heredity, smoking habits, alcohol consumption and X-ray examinations during pregnancy or X-ray examinations prior to preganacy. There were 450 cases of clefts of whom 354 had a cleft lip with or without cleft palate and 96 had a cleft palate. The relative risk (RR) for each variable by was estimated points and at a 95% of confidence interval and multivariate analysis was applied. As regards cleft lip with or without cleft palate, the risk factors are heredity (RR = 4.96), epilepsy in the mother (RR = 2.39) and the intake of drugs such as anti-inflammatory substance in the first four months of pregnancy (RR = 2.59). Related to cleft palate, the risk factors are heredity (RR = 2.82) and pollution (RR = 2.58).
Palavras-chave : Cleft lip [epidemiology]; Cleft palate [epidemiology]; Risk factors.