Revista de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1518-8787
ALMEIDA, Marilene F.; AGUIAR, Elizabeth A. C.; MARTORELLI, Luzia F. A. and SILVA, Miriam M. S.. Laboratory diagnosis of rabies in chiroptera carried out of a metropolitan area of Southeastern Brazil. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 1994, vol.28, n.5, pp.341-344. ISSN 1518-8787. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89101994000500006.
Between January, 1988 and December, 1992 the S. Paulo Animal Disease Control Center subjected 289 bats to rabies examinations, utilizing the direct immunofluorescence and biological techniques. Two insectivorous bats belonging to the species Nyctinomopsmacrotis, representing 0.69% of the total sample, tested positive. Both animals had been captured alive in residential neighborhoods of the city, one in 1988 in the living room of a 7' th floor apartment and the other in 1990 on top of a wall surrounding a private house. In the biological tests, the disease showed incubation periods of 13 and 11 days respectively.Although the existence of infected insectiverous bats in urban areas is cause for concern, indiscriminate predatory action against such species can in no way be justified-particularly bearing in mind their importance in preserving the ecological balance of the insect population so prevalent in cities.
Keywords : Quirópteros [microbiologia]; Vírus da raiva [isolamento]; Raiva [diagnóstico].