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Revista de Saúde Pública

Print version ISSN 0034-8910On-line version ISSN 1518-8787


ROJAS, Elina; SCORZA, Jose V.  and  ESPINOZA, Alba. Excretion of promastigotos of Leishmania pifanoi by experimentally infected Lutzomyia youngi. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 1995, vol.29, n.6, pp.496-502. ISSN 0034-8910.

The increase in the promastigotes population of Leishmania pifanoi in Lutzomyia youngi experimentally infected and kept on 50% sacarose under constant conditions of temperature and humidity is described. Two stages in the differentation and growth of the parasites are recognised between two and twenty-four hours after meals. The pleomorphic differentiation of the amastigotes in short promastigotes which multiply by binary division for 60 hours, when the rupture of the peritrophic membrane occurs, takes place within 48 hours. The second stage occurs between 72 and 96 hours when some of the parasites migrate to the esophagic valve and the rest of the free parasites are excreted in fecal drops as large, active promastigotes. The first drops excreted react positively to glucose or contain crystals of urate. The excess promastigotes of the second stage of development are eliminated in the last excretions and react positively to the Hemoscreen and Biuret tests for total proteins as also for glucose and account for 82% of the of drops excreted. The excretion of parasites by Lu. youngi is a normal stage in the growth of L. pifanoi into a vector.

Keywords : Leishmania; Psychodidae [parasitology]; Host-parasite relations.

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