Revista de Saúde Pública
Print version ISSN 0034-8910
SOUZA, Carlos Augusto Vaz de and FREITAS, Carlos Machado de. Occupational accidents in an oil refinery in Brazil. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 2002, vol.36, n.5, pp. 576-583. ISSN 0034-8910. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89102002000600006.
OBJECTIVE: Work in oil refineries involves the risk of minor to major accidents. National data show the impact of accidents on this industry. A study was carried out to describe accident profile and evaluate the adequacy of accident reporting system. METHODS: Data on all accidents reported in an oil refinery in the state of Rio de Janeiro for the year 1997 were organized and analyzed. The study population consisted of 153 injury cases, 83 hired and 69 contracted workers. The variables were: type of accident, operation mode and position of the worker injured. RESULTS: Among hired workers, minor accidents predominated (54.2%) and they occurred during regular operation activities (62.9%). Among contracted workers, there also predominated minor accidents (75.5%) in a higher percentage, but they occurred mainly during maintenance activities (96.8%). CONCLUSIONS: The study results showed that there is a predominance of accidents in lower hierarchy workers, and these accidents occur mainly during maintenance activities. There is a need to improve the company's accident reporting system and accident investigation procedures.
Keywords : Accidents, occupational; Registries; Petroleum Industry; Safety manegement; Occupational health.