Services on Demand
Revista de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1518-8787
AKERMAN, Marco et al. Health promotion evaluation: focus on "healthy cities". Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 2002, vol.36, n.5, pp. 638-646. ISSN 1518-8787. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89102002000600016.
Since the Healthy City movement is a health promotion strategy, an update study was carried out to put into context the health promotion evaluation debate stressing the principles to be considered in an evaluation initiative and in the problematic of Health Cities projects. A literature review of "Healthy Cities" was conducted. A typology based on of Healthy Cities papers found in MEDLINE, LILACS and published in the "Health Promotion International" between 1985 and 2000 was proposed taking into consideration the main focus of each paper. Articles on evaluation were analyzed in more details according to stressing methods, research tools, indicators, study results, and critical appraisal of their models. Finally, it is highlighted initiatives that would come close to the principles of "Health Promotion" and adopt evaluation as a tool for building up capabilities and the empowerment of community groups involved with Healthy Cities initiatives.
Keywords : Healthy City; Health promotion; Evaluation; Social participation.