Revista de Saúde Pública
Print version ISSN 0034-8910
SILVA, Nilza Nunes da; CUNHA, Tarcisio Neves da and QUINTANILHA, José Alberto. Master sample and geoprocessing: technologies for household surveys. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 2003, vol.37, n.4, pp. 494-502. ISSN 0034-8910. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89102003000400015.
OBJECTIVE: To reduce cost and time associated with household sampling process and to assess the feasibility of shared use of address data file of census enumeration areas in several epidemiological surveys using updated information from the National Survey of Households (PNAD). METHODS: Address data file comprising 72 census enumeration areas was kept as primary sampling units for the city of São Paulo. During the period 1995-2000, three distinct household samples were drawn using the two-stage cluster sampling procedure. Geographic Information System (GIS) technology allowed delimiting boundaries, blocks and streets for any primary sampling unit and printing updated maps for selected sub-samples. RESULTS: Twenty-five thousand dwellings made up the permanent address data file of the master sample. A cheaper and quicker selection of each sample, plus gathering information on demographic and topographical profiles of census enumeration areas were the main contribution of the study results. CONCLUSIONS: The master sample concept, integrated with GIS technology, is an advantageous alternative sampling design for household surveys in urban areas. Using the list of addresses from the PNAD updated yearly, although limiting its application to the most populated Brazilian cities, avoids the need of creating an independent sampling procedure for each individual survey carried out in the period between demographic censuses, and it is an important contribution for planning sampling surveys in public health.
Keywords : Samples; Sampling studies; Epidemiology, descriptive; Censuses; Geography; Information systems.