Revista de Saúde Pública
versão impressa ISSN 0034-8910
CASTIEL, Luis David. Health promotion and the epistemological sensitivity of 'community' as a category. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 2004, vol.38, n.5, pp. 615-622. ISSN 0034-8910. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89102004000500001.
A discussion on the scope of "community" as a category in health promotion by means of its "epistemological sensitivity" - a reasoning tool based upon the epidemiological concept of "sensitivity", adjusted to the epistemological field - was carried out. A brief review of promotional health topics and a short description of the sociological usage of "community" according to Tönnies were performed. Issues regarding difficulties of defining contemporary communities are considered. Health promotion's leading approaches do not pay enough attention to crucial sociological concerns and philosophical standpoints. As a result, these approaches suffer from deep theoretical strain that weaken their premises and make corresponding interventions' results rather unsatisfactory.
Palavras-chave : Health promotion; Community development; Social sciences; Philosophy.