Revista de Saúde Pública
Print version ISSN 0034-8910
FALCONE, Vanda Mafra et al. Multiprofessional care and mental health in pregnant women. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 2005, vol.39, n.4, pp. 612-618. ISSN 0034-8910. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89102005000400015.
OBJECTIVE: To identify non-psychotic affective disorders in pregnant women, to intervene by means of psychoprophylactic groups, and to evaluate possible alterations following intervention. METHODS: One-hundred and three pregnant women (71 adults and 32 adolescents) were seen at a community program in the Paraisópolis neighborhood in the city of Sao Paulo, southeastern Brazil. We used the following instruments: Self Reporting Questionnaire and Beck Depression Inventory. Ten weekly two-hour meetings were held, addressing the link between mother and fetus and subjects related to mother and child, and answering mother's doubts. We used the chi-squared test (c2) to compare mental health before and after the intervention, with a significance level of p<0.05. RESULTS: Affective disorders were found in 45 pregnant women (43.7%) before the intervention and in 23 (22.3%) after the intervention. The impact of the intervention on affective disorders was statistically significant (p=0.001). Twenty-one women (20.4%) showed depression before the intervention, and 13 (12.6%) after the intervention, a non-significant difference (p=0.133). CONCLUSIONS: Multiprofessional care can prevent, detect, and treat affective disorders during pregnancy in both adults and adolescents.
Keywords : Pregnant women; Affective symptoms; Depression; Mental health; Pregnancy complications; Patient care team.