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Revista de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1518-8787
GALVAO, Márcio Antonio Moreira et al. Rickettsial diseases in Brazil and Portugal: occurrence, distribution and diagnosis. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 2005, vol.39, n.5, pp. 850-856. ISSN 1518-8787. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89102005000500023.
The present study is an update review on the occurrence and diagnosis of rickettsial diseases in Brazil and Portugal, aiming at promoting their epidemiological surveillance in both countries. A literature review was carried out and unpublished data of laboratories and surveillance systems were presented. The results described the occurrence of rickettsial diseases and infections in Brazil and Portugal, including other new and still poorly understood rickettsial infections. Current diagnostic methods were discussed. As in many other countries, rickettsial diseases and infections seem to be an emerging public health problem. Treated as a minor problem for many decades, the interest in these infections has increased in both countries but further studies are needed to establish their role as a public health problem.
Keywords : Tick-borne diseases [epidemiology]; Tick-borne diseases [diagnosis]; Ticks; Boutonneuse fever [epidemiology]; Boutonneuse fever [diagnosis]; Rickettsia infections [epidemiology]; Rickettsia infections [diagnosis]; Incidence; Brazil; Portugal.