Revista de Saúde Pública
Print version ISSN 0034-8910
DOUBOVA (DUBOVA), Svetlana Vladislavovna; PAMANES-GONZALEZ, Verónica; BILLINGS, Deborah L and TORRES-ARREOLA, Laura del Pilar. Partner violence against pregnant women in Mexico City. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 2007, vol.41, n.4, pp. 582-590. ISSN 0034-8910. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89102007000400012.
OBJECTIVE: To assess factors related to partner violence against pregnant women. METHODS: Data were collected from 383 pregnant women eligible attending five family medicine units of the Mexican institute of social security in Mexico City, Mexico, between September 2003 and August 2004. Data collection was carried out using a questionnaire developed for the study. RESULTS: Of all women interviewed, 120 (31.1%) reported that they had been exposed to psychological and/or physical and/or sexual violence perpetrated by their partners during the current pregnancy; 10% reported combined violence and 21% isolated violence. Psychological violence was most frequently reported (in 93% of the "experienced violence" group). As for their perception of violence there was not found any significant differences between those women who had experienced versus those who did not experience violence. Only about 20% of women had knowledge of centers for women victims of violence. The factors significantly associated with partner violence among pregnant women included: being single (OR=3.02; 95% CI: 1.17;7.83), being unmarried and living with a partner (OR=2.22; 95% CI: 1.11;4.42), history of violence during childhood (OR= 3.08; 95% CI: 1.62;5.85), alcohol consumption by the partner (OR=1.87; 95% CI: 1.02;3.42) and emotional distress among women (OR=4.17; 95% CI: 1.12;15.51). CONCLUSIONS: The study results stress other research findings that violence against pregnant Mexican women is still common.
Keywords : Pregnant women; Violence Against women; Spouse abuse; Research in health services; Mexico.