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Revista de Saúde Pública
On-line version ISSN 1518-8787
ODORIZZI, Rosa M F N and GALATI, Eunice A B. Sand flies in the Aguapeí river floodplain, northwest area of State of São Paulo, Brazil. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 2007, vol.41, n.4, pp. 645-652. ISSN 1518-8787. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89102007000400020.
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the seasonal variation of sand flies regarding their occurrences and densities. METHODS: The study was conducted in the Aguapeí river floodplain in the state of São Paulo, southeastern Brazil. Sand flies were monthly captured with automatic light traps set up between 18:00 and 7:00 hours, over a period of one year (2004-2005), at two sites: veranda of a domicile and in a forest on the banks of Aguapeí River. The Williams' average was used for estimating the seasonal variation and the Chi-square test for comparison. RESULTS: A total of 35,995 specimens were captured: five Brumptomyia avellari, one Psathyromyia (Xiphomyia) hermanlenti and the rest Nyssomyia neivai, which had the highest frequency during the winter. Ps. hermanlenti is first recorded in state of São Paulo. CONCLUSIONS: The high density of Nyssomyia neivai, a suspected vector of cutaneous leishmaniasis, points out to the risk of transmission of this disease in this setting, especially during drier periods of the year.
Keywords : Psychodidae; Insect vectors; Leishmaniasis [Cutaneous]; Leishmaniasis [transmission]; Brazil; Nyssomyia neivai.