Revista de Saúde Pública
Print version ISSN 0034-8910
MOURA, Leides Barroso Azevedo; GANDOLFI, Lenora; VASCONCELOS, Ana Maria Nogales and PRATESI, Riccardo. Intimate partner violence against women in an economically vulnerable urban area, Central-West Brazil. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 2009, vol.43, n.6, pp. 944-953. Epub Dec 04, 2009. ISSN 0034-8910. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89102009005000069.
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of gender-based controlling behavior and types of violence committed by intimate partners against women living in an economically vulnerable area. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed with 278 women aged between 15 and 49 years, who had had at least one male intimate partner in their lives and lived in a metropolitan area of the city of Brasília, Central-West Brazil, in 2007. Systematic random sampling process was used. The research instrument consisted of a questionnaire with 58 questions, developed by the World Health Organization. Prevalences of physical, psychological and sexual violence were analyzed. Independent variables considered were women's sociodemographic, family and community context characteristics, in addition to their partners' sociodemographic and behavior characteristics (frequency of alcohol or illicit drug use and extra-marital relationship). RESULTS: The highest prevalence was that of psychological violence: 80.2% (n=223) of the women interviewed reported at least one act throughout their lives and 50% (n=139) in the last 12 months. Prevalence of physical violence was 58.6% throughout life and 32% in the last 12 months, whereas those of sexual violence were 28.8% and 15.5%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: High prevalences of violence show the magnitude of vulnerability and aggressions committed against women in relationships with intimate partners.
Keywords : Battered Women; Spouse Abuse; Violence Against Women; Socioeconomic Factors; Health Vulnerability; Gender and Health; Cross-Sectional Studies.